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Issue 15, 2018
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Quantification of cocaine and its adulterants by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy without deuterated solvents (No-D qNMR)

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Abstract

In this study, a new method was developed to quantify cocaine and some adulterants (lidocaine, caffeine, phenacetin, procaine and benzocaine) using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy without the use of deuterated solvents (No-D qNMR). No-D qNMR presents as main advantages: low cost (in comparison to the use of deuterated solvents), non-destructive and rapid analysis, and being able to detect non-volatile compounds. For analytical validation achievement, figures of merit such as selectivity and specificity, linearity, quantification limit, detection limit, accuracy, precision and robustness were obtained. The built models presented excellent precision (<5%), linearity (>0.99), and LOD values which varied between 0.126 and 0.666 mg mL−1. With the purpose of verifying the predictive capacity of the models, 34 crack samples seized by the Civil Police of Espírito Santo State – Brazil were analyzed, and the average cocaine content found was around 17.5 wt%, which is in line with expectations (up to approximately 30 wt%). Moreover, 50 wt% of the samples contained phenacetin, 9 wt% caffeine, and 3 wt% procaine and lidocaine, while benzocaine wasn't identified.

Graphical abstract: Quantification of cocaine and its adulterants by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy without deuterated solvents (No-D qNMR)

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Dec 2017, accepted on 30 Jan 2018 and first published on 30 Jan 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AY03000B
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2018,10, 1685-1694
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    Quantification of cocaine and its adulterants by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy without deuterated solvents (No-D qNMR)

    W. W. F. Rocha, J. D. A. Leite, R. M. Correia, F. Tosato, N. C. L. Madeira, P. R. Filgueiras, V. Lacerda, J. C. C. Freitas, W. Romão and Á. C. Neto, Anal. Methods, 2018, 10, 1685
    DOI: 10.1039/C7AY03000B

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