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The Co3O4 nanoparticle-enhanced luminol-O2 chemiluminescence reaction used for the determination of nortriptyline hydrochloride and lamotrigine in pharmaceutical and environmental samples

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Abstract

Spherical, cubic and plate-like Co3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesised and, then, were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). It was found that Co3O4 NPs possess oxidase-like activity and could enhance the intensity of the CL reaction. The enhancing effect of Co3O4 NPs on the CL reaction was dependent on the shape of the Co3O4 NPs. It increased in the order of Co3O4 nanoplates (NPLs) < Co3O4 nanocubes (NCs) < Co3O4 nanospheres (NSs). Moreover, it was found that nortriptyline (NT) and lamotrigine (LTG) could quench the Co3O4 NSs-luminol-O2 CL reaction. Based on these findings, simple and sensitive CL methods for the determination of NT and LTG were proposed. The linear dynamic ranges of the CL methods were 1.0 × 10−6–1.0 × 10−4 mol L−1, with a limit of detection (LOD) = 5.2 × 10−7 mol L−1 for NT and 7.0 × 10−7–1.0 × 10−4 mol L−1, with a LOD = 2.8 × 10−7 mol L−1 for LTG. The relative standard deviation (RSD) of the CL methods was 3.6 and 2.7 (n = 9) for the determination of 1.0 × 10−6 mol L−1 NT and LTG, respectively. The CL method was used for the measurement of NT and LTG in pharmaceutical preparations and spiked tap waters.

Graphical abstract: The Co3O4 nanoparticle-enhanced luminol-O2 chemiluminescence reaction used for the determination of nortriptyline hydrochloride and lamotrigine in pharmaceutical and environmental samples

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Sep 2017, accepted on 16 Dec 2017 and first published on 18 Dec 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AY02227A
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2018, Advance Article
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    The Co3O4 nanoparticle-enhanced luminol-O2 chemiluminescence reaction used for the determination of nortriptyline hydrochloride and lamotrigine in pharmaceutical and environmental samples

    M. Iranifam, N. R. Hendekhale and H. A. J. Al Lawati, Anal. Methods, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7AY02227A

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