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A Facile Graphene Oxide-Based Fluorescent Nanosensor for in Situ “Turn-on” Detection of Telomerase Activity

Abstract

A facile and sensitive method for the quantitative detection of telomerase and in situ imaging of intracellular telomerase is developed by using a graphene oxide (GO)-based fluorescent nanosensor. The nanosensor consists of a fluorescent DNA (P1) adsorbed on the GO surface. Here, GO serves not only as a fluorescence quencher but also a carrier to successfully transport P1 into cancer cells as a signal reporter. P1 is a dye-labeled single-stranded DNA complementary to the telomeric repeated sequence, and initially the combination of P1 and GO exhibits minimal background fluorescence. When telomerase extends its repeat units of TTAGGG on the 3’-end of the primer-DNA, the fluorescence of P1 is subsequently recovered because telomeric repeated sequence can hybridize with P1 and liberate it from the GO surface. This method enables the determination of telomerase activity down to 10 cells. For the in situ detection of telomerase, upon endocytosis of the P1/GO combinatorial probe into living cancer cells, the intracellular telomerase extends its primer to produce the telomeric repeated sequence and then turns on the fluorescence of P1, which can be directly monitored by the confocal laser scanning microscopy. The feasibility of the assay is further investigated by treating with telomerase-related drugs, and the results demonstrate its potential in antitumor drug screening and cancer therapy evaluation.

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Mar 2018, accepted on 10 Apr 2018 and first published on 10 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8AN00402A
Citation: Analyst, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    A Facile Graphene Oxide-Based Fluorescent Nanosensor for in Situ “Turn-on” Detection of Telomerase Activity

    L. Zhang, J. Peng, M. Hong, J. Chen, R. Liang and J. Qiu, Analyst, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8AN00402A

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