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Advances in the integration of quantum dots with various nanomaterials for biomedical and environmental applications

Abstract

Quantum dots (QDs) are semiconductor nanocrystals with distinct characteristics of high brightness, large Stoke’s shift and broad absorption spectra, large molar extinction coefficients, high quantum yield, good photostability and long fluorescence lifetime. The QDs have replaced the conventional fluorophores with wide applications in immunoassays, microarrays, fluorescent imaging, targeted drug delivery and therapy. The integration of QDs with various nanomaterials such as the noble metal nanoparticles, carbon allotropes, upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), metal oxide and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) brings new opportunities and possibilities in nanoscience and nanotechnology. In this review, we summarize the recent advances in the integration of QDs with various nanomaterials for biomedical and environmental applications including sensing, bioimaging, theranostics and cancer therapy. We highlight the involved interactions such as fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), plasmon enhanced fluorescence (PEF), nanometal surface energy transfer (NSET) as well as the synergistic effect resulting from the integration of QDs with nanomaterials. In addition, we discuss the sensing and imaging mechanisms of different strategies and throw new insight into the challenges and future direction as well.

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Feb 2018, accepted on 11 Apr 2018 and first published on 14 Apr 2018


Article type: Tutorial Review
DOI: 10.1039/C8AN00222C
Citation: Analyst, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Advances in the integration of quantum dots with various nanomaterials for biomedical and environmental applications

    L. Cui, C. Li, B. Tang and C. Zhang, Analyst, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8AN00222C

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