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Issue 7, 2018
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Au nanoparticles on two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets as a photoanode for efficient photoelectrochemical miRNA detection

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Abstract

MiRNAs are small regulatory RNAs that play crucial roles in the oncogenic state in various cancers and have shown highly promising clinical applications as plasma-based markers for cancer classification and prognostication. Due to their electroanalytical advantages, photoelectrochemical biosensors are a very attractive alternative technology for miRNA sensing and detection. In this work, we demonstrated a novel photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensor using the in situ grown Au nanoparticles/two-dimensional molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheet heterojunction (MoS2-AuNPs) on ITO glass as the photoanode (MoS2-AuNPs/ITO). AuNPs were used as a photoelectronic transfer promoter and DNA probe immobilization carrier as well. The thiol modified biotin DNA with a hairpin structure was tethered to the MoS2-AuNPs/ITO surface to form a specific capturing layer for miRNA detection. The biotin specific protein streptavidin was used as the signal amplifying species. This PEC sensor is structurally simple and possesses sensitivity and specificity toward miRNA. The CV and EIS responses were evaluated to monitor the PEC anode fabrication. The stability and reproducibility of this PEC design strategy were both evaluated before it was used in analyzing the samples of miRNA in human serum. Finally, we found that this PEC sensor displayed a broad detection linear range and a low detection limit of 4.21 fM, and it can excellently discriminate the mismatched miRNA. These findings pave the way for developing PEC sensors targeting miRNA by using noble metals/MoS2 heterojunctions.

Graphical abstract: Au nanoparticles on two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets as a photoanode for efficient photoelectrochemical miRNA detection

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Jan 2018, accepted on 10 Feb 2018 and first published on 13 Feb 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8AN00105G
Citation: Analyst, 2018,143, 1705-1712
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    Au nanoparticles on two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets as a photoanode for efficient photoelectrochemical miRNA detection

    N. Fu, Y. Hu, S. Shi, S. Ren, W. Liu, S. Su, B. Zhao, L. Weng and L. Wang, Analyst, 2018, 143, 1705
    DOI: 10.1039/C8AN00105G

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