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Highly sensitive colorimetric detection of allergies based on an immunoassay using peroxidase-mimicking nanozymes

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Abstract

Nanomaterials that exhibit enzyme-like characteristics, which are called nanozymes, have recently attracted significant attention due to their potential to overcome the intrinsic limitations of natural enzymes, such as low stability and relatively high cost for preparation and purification. In this study, we report a highly efficient colorimetric allergy detection system based on an immunoassay utilizing the peroxidase-mimicking activity of hierarchically structured platinum nanoparticles (H-Pt NPs). The H-Pt NPs had a diameter of 30 nm, and were synthesized by a seed-mediated growth method, which led to a significant amount of peroxidase-like activity. This activity mainly occurs because of the high catalytic power of the Pt element, and the fact that the H-Pt NPs have a large surface area available for catalytic events. The H-Pt NPs were conjugated to an antibody for the detection of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in the analytes; IgE is a representative marker for the diagnosis of allergies. They were then successfully integrated into a conventionally used allergy diagnostic test, the ImmunoCAP diagnostic test, as a replacement for natural signaling enzymes. Using this strategy, total and specific IgE levels were detected within 5 min at room temperature, with high specificity and sensitivity. The practical utility of the immunoassay was also successfully verified by correctly determining the levels of both total and specific IgE in real human serum samples with high precision and reproducibility. The present H-Pt NP-based immunoassay system would serve as a platform for rapid, robust, and convenient analysis of IgE, and can be extended to the construction of diagnostic systems for a variety of clinically important target molecules.

Graphical abstract: Highly sensitive colorimetric detection of allergies based on an immunoassay using peroxidase-mimicking nanozymes

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Nov 2017, accepted on 17 Jan 2018 and first published on 18 Jan 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AN01866E
Citation: Analyst, 2018, Advance Article
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    Highly sensitive colorimetric detection of allergies based on an immunoassay using peroxidase-mimicking nanozymes

    S. Cho, S. M. Lee, H. Y. Shin, M. S. Kim, Y. H. Seo, Y. K. Cho, J. Lee, S. P. Lee and M. I. Kim, Analyst, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7AN01866E

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