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Fabrication and assessment of an electrospun polymeric microfiber-based platform under bulk flow conditions with rapid and efficient antigen capture

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Abstract

This study investigated the fabrication and proof of concept design demonstrating rapid and highly sensitive antigen capture utilizing electrospun polystyrene (PS) microfiber mat substrates paired with vacuum pump pressurization to induce bulk flow. In comparison with conventional flat PS surfaces used for immunoassay purposes, this system optimizes the increased surface area of the electrospun polystyrene (ESPS) fiber mat substrates and the accelerated propagation of the antigen through the detection platform by using a vacuum pump to enable efficient and rapid antigen capture. The novelty of this work was demonstrated through a parametric study detailing how a fiber substrate can capture antigen sensitively and at high speeds. In terms of sensitivity, the current system is comparable to the conventionally used flat PS substrates. Additionally, the amount of antigen captured on a flat PS substrate in 60 minutes was surpassed in under 5 seconds when utilizing the ESPS-vacuum system. Three-dimensional ESPS fiber mats were then noted as a comparison between Damkohler numbers and between flat PS and ESPS-vacuum systems. The bulk flow of the ESPS-vacuum system allows for a Damkohler number of 0.37 indicating a balance between the flow rate and the reaction rate as opposed to a PS flat platform of 5.80 × 104 which illustrates a diffusion rate limited system. Finally, the overall ESPS-vacuum system was tested for its immunoassay capability. A sandwich fluorescence-based immunoassay was performed on both PS flat-diffusion and ESPS-vacuum systems. The ESPS-vacuum system indicated a wider detection range capability from 5 to 1000 ng mL−1 in comparison with the PS flat-diffusion system at 5 to 100 ng mL−1.

Graphical abstract: Fabrication and assessment of an electrospun polymeric microfiber-based platform under bulk flow conditions with rapid and efficient antigen capture

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Aug 2017, accepted on 22 Dec 2017 and first published on 22 Dec 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AN01366C
Citation: Analyst, 2018, Advance Article
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    Fabrication and assessment of an electrospun polymeric microfiber-based platform under bulk flow conditions with rapid and efficient antigen capture

    C. F. O. Hoy, K. Kushiro and M. Takai, Analyst, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7AN01366C

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