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High dielectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) nanocomposite films with MoS2 using polyaniline interlinker via interfacial interaction

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Abstract

A new route for the synthesis of low cost, flexible, high dielectric constant functional polymer nanocomposite is successfully fabricated by introducing molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) into poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) using polyaniline (PANI) as an interlinker. The strategy adopted is to exfoliate MoS2 (E-MoS2) by simple sonication of bulk MoS2 in N,N′-dimethyl formamide (DMF) and in situ polymerization of aniline with E-MoS2 in water to produce MoS2–PANI showing novel raspberry type morphology. MoS2–PANI shows good dispersion in PVDF matrix implying strong interaction onto the PVDF interface, and it acts as a nucleating agent for PVDF crystallization. Synergistic nucleating effect of MoS2–PANI onto PVDF led to the formation of dominant polar β-phases in the MoS2–PANI/PVDF (MPF) composite films. With 10% filler content, the MPF material shows 86% polar β-phase PVDF due to its good interaction and dispersion of MoS2–PANI. The maximum increment of dielectric constant (ε′) of that sample is 586 at 102 Hz, which is 42 times higher than that of neat PVDF and it can be well explained by interfacial polarization along with the formation of nanocapacitor network in PVDF matrix. This intriguing synthesis method of MoS2–PANI/PVDF nanocomposite will open up new opportunities for fabricating nanostructured polymer composites to produce high dielectric materials.

Graphical abstract: High dielectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) nanocomposite films with MoS2 using polyaniline interlinker via interfacial interaction

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Aug 2017, accepted on 30 Oct 2017 and first published on 31 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC03593D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, Advance Article
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    High dielectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) nanocomposite films with MoS2 using polyaniline interlinker via interfacial interaction

    N. Maity, A. Mandal and A. K. Nandi, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TC03593D

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