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A noble gas sensor platform: linear dense assemblies of single-walled carbon nanotubes (LACNTs) in a multi-layered ceramic/metal electrode system (MLES)

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Abstract

Monodispersed Pt nanocatalyst-doped and undoped assemblies of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) were aligned with high anisotropy on a multi-layered ceramic/metal electrode system (MLES), which was used as a cheap and cost-effective electrode system, by dielectrophoretic orientation to form linear dense assemblies of SWCNTs (LACNTs). It is envisaged that they can be used as a potentially inexpensive platform for multi-gas sensing nano-devices. To form homogeneously dispersed Pt nanocatalysts (NCs), an aqueous chloroplatinic acid solution (H2PtCl6) was deposited on the surface of acid-treated SWCNTs. This was followed by alignment under the application of alternative currents ranging from 5 kHz to 50 MHz to create electrically conducting LACNT bundles on the MLES platform and reduction under hydrogen plasma. The analysis showed that the Pt nanocatalysts (2 nmav, deviation: ±1 nm) are monodispersed on the SWCNTs, which contributed to a noticeable enhancement in the gas sensing properties towards H2, NO2, H2S and NH3 gases. In addition, the principal component analysis results showed fairly good discrimination of the gases by employing a sensor array composed of Pt/LACNTs and SWCNTs, and the hydrogen sensing performance was high in terms of sensitivity compared to other literature studies. This gas sensing device based on an MLES may pave the way for extended applications of new multi-gas sensing devices as a low-cost and life-long gas sensing platform.

Graphical abstract: A noble gas sensor platform: linear dense assemblies of single-walled carbon nanotubes (LACNTs) in a multi-layered ceramic/metal electrode system (MLES)

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Aug 2017, accepted on 20 Nov 2017 and first published on 20 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC03576D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, Advance Article
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    A noble gas sensor platform: linear dense assemblies of single-walled carbon nanotubes (LACNTs) in a multi-layered ceramic/metal electrode system (MLES)

    T. Hwang, Y. Choi, Y. Song, N. S. A. Eom, S. Kim, H. Cho, N. V. Myung and C. Yong-Ho, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TC03576D

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