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Issue 35, 2017
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Amorphous polymer with C[double bond, length as m-dash]O to improve the performance of perovskite solar cells

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Abstract

Morphology and crystallinity of perovskite layers are crucial for power conversion efficiency (PCE) of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Here, we introduced amorphous polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) with a C[double bond, length as m-dash]O functional group into a CH3NH3PbI3−xClx perovskite precursor to tune the morphology and crystallinity of perovskite layers during the film formation process. The spreading amorphous polymer chains and excellent hygroscopicity of PVP can help the perovskite precursor have better contact with the substrate, leading to better perovskite film coverage. More importantly, the electron pair existing in the oxygen atom of the C[double bond, length as m-dash]O bond in PVP has a strong attraction to Pb(II) ions, which can adjust the location of the nuclei and make the nuclei distribute uniformly in PVP chains, contributing to a uniform and compact perovskite layer. As a result, perovskite films with PVP present favourable morphology and improved crystallinity. The performance of a CH3NH3PbI3−xClx-based perovskite solar cell with optimized PVP content achieves a summit PCE of 16.57% with photovoltage VOC of 1057 mV, short circuit current density JSC of 21.38 mA cm−2, and fill factor FF of 74.52% under standard AM 1.5 solar light of 100 mW cm−2 intensities, which demonstrates a 23.9% increment compared with a PCE of 13.37% of the original device.

Graphical abstract: Amorphous polymer with C [[double bond, length as m-dash]] O to improve the performance of perovskite solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Jul 2017, accepted on 09 Aug 2017 and first published on 09 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC02954C
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017,5, 9037-9043
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    Amorphous polymer with C[double bond, length as m-dash]O to improve the performance of perovskite solar cells

    Y. Zhang, X. Zhuang, K. Zhou, C. Cai, Z. Hu, J. Zhang and Y. Zhu, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, 5, 9037
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TC02954C

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