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Rational design and characterization of novel phosphorescent rhenium(I) complexes for extremely high-efficiency organic light-emitting diodes

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Abstract

Three novel neutral tricarbonyl rhenium(I) [Re(I)] complexes (Re-PTIP, Re-TPIP and Re-TTIP) with donor–acceptor structures were designed and synthesized. Their photophysical and electrochemical properties were investigated in detail. These Re(I) complexes showed an orange emission with a high photoluminescence quantum efficiency of 9–18%. Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with the structure ITO/2-TNATA (4,4′,4′′-tris(N-(naphthalen-2-yl)-N-phenyl-amino)triphenylamine, 5 nm)/NPB (1,4-bis[(1-naphthylphenyl)amino]-biphenyl, 40 nm)/TCTA (4,4′,4′′-tris(N-carbazolyl)tri phenylamine, 10 nm)/CBP (4,4′-bis(carbazol-9-yl)biphenyl): 8% Re(I) complex (30 nm)/Bepp2 (bis[2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-pyridine]beryllium, 40 nm)/LiF (0.5 nm)/Al (100 nm) were fabricated to evaluate the potential application of these Re(I) complexes. Excellent device performances (current efficiency: 26.0–36.5 cd A−1, power efficiency: 20.1–31.7 lm W−1 and external quantum efficiency: 9.8–12.0%) were achieved. In particular, OLEDs with Re-TTIP as the dopant emitter showed the best performance with a maximum current efficiency of 36.5 cd A−1, a maximum power efficiency of 31.7 lm W−1 and a maximum external quantum efficiency of 12.0% with low efficiency roll-off, which were among the best data for the Re(I)-based OLEDs reported so far. Our findings indicate the great potential of neutral tricarbonyl Re(I) complexes as phosphorescent emitting materials in OLEDs.

Graphical abstract: Rational design and characterization of novel phosphorescent rhenium(i) complexes for extremely high-efficiency organic light-emitting diodes

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Jun 2017, accepted on 01 Jul 2017 and first published on 04 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC02466E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, Advance Article
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    Rational design and characterization of novel phosphorescent rhenium(I) complexes for extremely high-efficiency organic light-emitting diodes

    X. Li, G. Zhao, Y. Hu, J. Zhao, Y. Dong, L. Zhou, Y. Lv, H. Chi and Z. Su, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TC02466E

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