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Issue 32, 2017
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Highly emissive poly(maleic anhydride-alt-vinyl pyrrolidone) with molecular weight-dependent and excitation-dependent fluorescence

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Abstract

Nonconventional luminescent polymers have attracted rapidly growing attention owing to their importance in the fundamental understanding of fluorescence mechanisms and potential practical applications. However, most non-conjugated luminogens exhibit weak blue emission. Incorporating different nonconventional chromophores and adjusting molecular structures of polymers are assumed to enable the formation of more conformations with strong intra- and/or interchain interactions, leading to strong and red-shifted emissions. In this work, we synthesized poly(maleic anhydride-alt-vinyl pyrrolidone) (PMVP) copolymers with different molecular weights through a conventional free radical precipitation copolymerization method. The emissions of PMVPs are significantly red-shifted in comparison to those of the homopolymers poly(maleic anhydride) and poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone). The PMVPs exhibit aggregation-induced emission (AIE) characteristics, as they are highly emissive in concentrated solutions or in the solid state. The PMVPs also exhibit significant molecular weight-dependent fluorescence (MWDF) and excitation-dependent fluorescence (EDF). The photoluminescence (PL) intensity of their DMSO solutions increases with decreasing molecular weight and their maximal emission wavelength (λmaxex) is red-shifted. Moreover, they can emit a wide range of colours from blue to red under different excitation wavelengths. Very impressively, poly(itaconic anhydride-co-vinyl pyrrolidone) (PIVP) copolymers with a lower chain rigidity emit very strong red emission at about 600 nm in a wide excitation wavelength range, which is rarely reported for non-conjugated luminogens. This study may shed some light on the preparation of nonconventional luminescent polymers with strong and red-shifted fluorescence emission.

Graphical abstract: Highly emissive poly(maleic anhydride-alt-vinyl pyrrolidone) with molecular weight-dependent and excitation-dependent fluorescence

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 May 2017, accepted on 14 Jul 2017 and first published on 15 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC02381B
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017,5, 8082-8090
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    Highly emissive poly(maleic anhydride-alt-vinyl pyrrolidone) with molecular weight-dependent and excitation-dependent fluorescence

    C. Shang, N. Wei, H. Zhuo, Y. Shao, Q. Zhang, Z. Zhang and H. Wang, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, 5, 8082
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TC02381B

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