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Enhancement of hole-mobility in Hybrid Titanium Dioxide / Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Nanocomposites by Employing an Oligothiophene dye as Interface Modifier

Abstract

This study focuses on influence of interface modifiers on charge transport of Hybrid Nanoporous Titanium dioxide (TiO2) / Poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) nanocomposites by using time of flight technique. We found that the hole-mobility in the nanocomposites is about three orders of magnitude less than that of pristine P3HT. This may be due to poor infiltration of the polymer into the highly structured porous TiO2 which in turn obstructs the charge transport of the carriers. However, hole-mobility in the nanocomposites is increased by an order of magnitude when ruthenium based dye either Z907 or N719 is introduced at the TiO2 / P3HT interface. Surprisingly, electron-mobility of the composite is decreased upon dye treatment. We further observed that hole-mobility of nanocrystalline TiO2 / P3HT composites treated with a 3-hexylthiophene derivative with a cyanoacrylic acid group [(E)-2-Cyano-3-(3',3″,3″'-trihexyl-[2,2':5',2″:5″,2″'-quaterthiophene]-5-yl)acrylicacid] (4T) is increased over 10-5 cm2 V-1 s-1, which is over two orders of magnitude higher than the hole-mobility found in untreated nanocomposites. This trend in hole-mobility is consistent with corresponding current density (J) – voltage (V) characteristics under illumination of TiO2 / P3HT devices with or without dye interface layer. The higher hole-mobility found in 4T dye treated TiO2 / P3HT nanocomposite is assigned to passivation of surface traps by the dye as well as improved packing of the polymer with the nanocrystals through effective inter-chain interactions of 4T with P3HT.

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 May 2017, accepted on 28 Sep 2017 and first published on 29 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC02225E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Enhancement of hole-mobility in Hybrid Titanium Dioxide / Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Nanocomposites by Employing an Oligothiophene dye as Interface Modifier

    P. Karunanantharajah, T. Thuraisamykurukkal, R. Punniamoorthy, M. Planells, N. Robertson and J. Nelson, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7TC02225E

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