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One-step synthesis and self-assembly of a luminescent sponge-like network of gold nanoparticles with high absorption capacity

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Abstract

We report a facile one-step strategy to fabricate luminescent gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) assembled in a sponge-like network with a high capacity for Hg(II) absorption. The tetrathiol pentaerythritol tetrakis 3-mercaptopropionate (PTMP) was employed as both reducing agent and surface coating ligand in the synthesis of 2.4 ± 0.4 nm luminescent PTMP–AuNPs. PTMP also acted as a crosslinker in the formation of a sponge-like network of AuNPs due to thiol-bridging between the ultrasmall PMPT-AuNPs, which resulted in insoluble red-emissive macroscopic aggregates with maximum wavelength at 675 nm followed by a synergistic hydrophobic effect of the surface ligands. Dispersion of the macroscopic aggregates was enhanced using a typical surfactant-assisted method under sonication but did not change the morphology of the sponge-like network of PTMP–AuNPs. The as-prepared sponge-like network of AuNPs provided a good reservoir for the capture of heavy metal ions, and showed a saturation capacity of 2.48 g Hg(II) per gram of sorbent due to the synergistic interaction from both the high porosity of the sponge-like structure and the high-affinity metallophilic Hg(II)–Au(I) interactions. In addition, the excellent optical performance of the network along with the specific and strong closed-shell metal interaction led to a sensitive and selective platform for Hg(II) sensing. Therefore, the sponge-like network of PTMP–AuNPs may find potential applications in Hg(II) detection and elimination from drinking water.

Graphical abstract: One-step synthesis and self-assembly of a luminescent sponge-like network of gold nanoparticles with high absorption capacity

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Apr 2017, accepted on 31 May 2017 and first published on 01 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01822C
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, Advance Article
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    One-step synthesis and self-assembly of a luminescent sponge-like network of gold nanoparticles with high absorption capacity

    J. Zhu, Q. Lu, C. Chen, J. Hu and J. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01822C

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