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Issue 28, 2017
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Ba6Li2CdSn4S16: lithium substitution simultaneously enhances band gap and SHG intensity

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Abstract

Herein, a new noncentrosymmetric (NCS) compound Ba6Li2CdSn4S16 (1) was discovered. As compared to its isostructural Ba6Ag2CdSn4S16 (2), compound 1 with Li substitution exhibited enlarged band gap (1: 3.02 eV vs.2: 2.70 eV) as well as enhanced second harmonic generation intensity (SHG, 1: 7.6 vs.2: 5.3 × AgGaS2 at 2.05 μm laser radiation). This is rare because the band gap of an NLO compound is usually inversely related to the SHG intensity. Both structures were chararcterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The three-dimensional (3D) frameworks are constructed by corner-sharing SnS4 and (Li/Cd)S4 or (Ag/Cd)S4 tetrahedra with Ba2+ as counter cations. Density functional theory calculations (DFT) have confirmed that Li+ plays a significant role in the widening of the band gap and enhancement of the SHG response due to its strong ionicity. Because Li has small electronegativity and strong ionic bond nature, in comparison with that of 2, the top of the VB in 1 is driven down to lower energy regions to widen Eg, and the non-bonding ingredients of S-3p states are increased in 1 to produce stronger SHG intensity. The calculated d23 for 1 and 2 are 27.81 and 17.30 pm V−1 respectively, that agree with the experimental observations.

Graphical abstract: Ba6Li2CdSn4S16: lithium substitution simultaneously enhances band gap and SHG intensity

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Apr 2017, accepted on 22 Jun 2017 and first published on 23 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01811H
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017,5, 7067-7074
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    Ba6Li2CdSn4S16: lithium substitution simultaneously enhances band gap and SHG intensity

    R. Duan, P. Liu, H. Lin, Y. J. Zheng, J. Yu, X. Wu, S. Huang-Fu and L. Chen, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, 5, 7067
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01811H

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