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Enhanced thermoelectric properties of screen-printed Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 and Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 thick films using a post annealing process with mechanical pressure

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Abstract

A cost-effective and large-scale thermoelectric (TE) energy harvester is becoming increasingly important for energy recovery systems such as self-powered electronics and renewable power generation. Here, we report on a TE device composed of p-type Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 and n-type Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 TE materials prepared using a screen-printing process, which has the advantages of low cost, scalability to large areas and the ability to form a flexible TE generator. The TE properties of the screen-printed TE thick films were optimized via subsequent annealing with mechanical pressure. It was found that thermal annealing with the application of mechanical pressure plays a key role in controlling the carrier concentration and improving the density of the TE thick films. Under optimized annealing conditions, the Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 (p-type) thick film had a ZT of 0.89 and a density of 5.67 g cm−3 while the Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 (n-type) thick film had a ZT of 0.57 and a density of 5.68 g cm−3 at room temperature. TE generators composed of 72 and 200 couples were fabricated with these thick films. The output power of the device composed of 72 couples was 0.1 W for a temperature difference (ΔT) of 28 K. Another device with 200 couples generated 0.31 W of electric power for the same ΔT.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced thermoelectric properties of screen-printed Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 and Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 thick films using a post annealing process with mechanical pressure

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Apr 2017, accepted on 25 Jul 2017 and first published on 25 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01797A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, Advance Article
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    Enhanced thermoelectric properties of screen-printed Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 and Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 thick films using a post annealing process with mechanical pressure

    H. Choi, S. J. Kim, Y. Kim, J. H. We, M. Oh and B. J. Cho, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01797A

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