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Issue 26, 2017
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Ultraviolet-enhanced electroluminescence from individual ZnO microwire/p-Si light-emitting diode by reverse tunneling effect

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Abstract

In this study, heterojunction light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on a ZnO single microwire (SMW) were fabricated on a p-Si substrate. Electroluminescence (EL) characteristics of this device operated at different biases were investigated. Ultraviolet (UV) and visible emission bands of the n-ZnO SMW/p-Si heterojunction device were observed under forward and reverse biases, respectively. When the reverse bias voltage reached 55 V, a sharp UV emission peak at ∼400 nm with a full width at half maximum of 20 nm dominated the EL spectra, and a satellite peak was located at ∼490 nm. The ratio of UV and defect emission intensity under the 55 V reverse bias was almost 28 times the ratio obtained under the 55 V forward bias. Our results indicated that the carrier transport process was affected by the tunneling effect, and this process could effectively suppress the defect emission and cause high UV emission efficiency in ZnO/Si-based ultraviolet LEDs. The emission mechanism of the heterojunction LED was discussed in terms of interface defect and energy band theory.

Graphical abstract: Ultraviolet-enhanced electroluminescence from individual ZnO microwire/p-Si light-emitting diode by reverse tunneling effect

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Apr 2017, accepted on 25 May 2017 and first published on 26 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01525A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017,5, 6640-6646
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    Ultraviolet-enhanced electroluminescence from individual ZnO microwire/p-Si light-emitting diode by reverse tunneling effect

    Y. Xu, Y. Li, H. Zhang, L. Jin, X. Fang, L. Shi, L. Xu, X. Ma, Y. Zou and J. Yin, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, 5, 6640
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01525A

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