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Issue 25, 2017
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The controllable synthesis of ultrafine one-dimensional small-molecule semiconducting nanocrystals in surfactant-assisted wet chemical reactions and their confinement effect

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Abstract

One-dimensional (1D) small-molecule semiconducting nanostructures (NSs) have attracted more and more attention due to their unique structures and photoelectric properties. However, the preparation of real ultrafine 1D organic nanocrystals (ONCs), in which the intermolecular charge transfer (CT) is confined to a 1D direction, is still a huge challenge. Here, we report a facile way to controllably synthesize uniform 1D ONCs of μ-oxo dimeric iron(III) porphyrin [(FeTPP)2O] in a cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB)-assisted wet chemical reaction (WCR). In this work, the shape evolution of the (FeTPP)2O NSs was shown by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Interestingly, the regularity and aspect ratio of the (FeTPP)2O 1D NCs increased with time, while their diameters decreased. Further experiments proved that this was closely associated to the reconstruction of the CTAB micelles. After optimizing the experimental conditions, we not only synthesized uniform 1D ONCs with a width of ∼28 nm and/or an aspect ratio of ∼37, but also obtained 2D ONCs with a thickness of about 10 nm. Here, the finest 1D ONCs that we have seen to date have been prepared. The corresponding UV-vis absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectra are enhanced with a decrease in the diameter and an increase in the aspect ratio of (FeTPP)2O 1D ONCs with high crystallinity, which clearly shows the first report of the confinement effect of the intermolecular CT state in 1D ONCs. This work paves a new route to prepare 1D ONCs and provides us with a chance to further understand and apply the intermolecular CT in 1D organic photoelectrical devices.

Graphical abstract: The controllable synthesis of ultrafine one-dimensional small-molecule semiconducting nanocrystals in surfactant-assisted wet chemical reactions and their confinement effect

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Apr 2017, accepted on 30 May 2017 and first published on 31 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01391D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017,5, 6377-6385
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    The controllable synthesis of ultrafine one-dimensional small-molecule semiconducting nanocrystals in surfactant-assisted wet chemical reactions and their confinement effect

    J. Pan, L. Kang, P. Huang, Z. Jia, J. Liu and J. Yao, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, 5, 6377
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01391D

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