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Issue 20, 2017
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3,4-Donor- and 2,5-acceptor-functionalized dipolar siloles: synthesis, structure, photoluminescence and electroluminescence

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Abstract

Siloles are a group of outstanding silicon-containing five-membered heterocyclics with intense solid-state fluorescence and superior electron-transporting ability. However, most studies focus on functionalization at the 1,1- and 2,5-positions of siloles, and siloles functionalized with electron donor and acceptor moieties at the 2,3,4,5-positions are scarcely investigated. Herein, two new silole derivatives functionalized with acceptors of cyano or dimesitylboryl groups at their 2,5-positions and donors of diphenylamino groups at their 3,4-positions are successfully synthesized and fully characterized via spectroscopy, thermal analysis, crystallography, electrochemistry and theory calculations. These two functionalized silole derivatives are thermally stable and exhibit aggregation-induced emission (AIE) characteristics with intense fluorescence in solid films. Their HOMO energy levels are increased because of the incorporation of diphenylamino groups, whereas they have lowered LUMO energy levels due to the additional electron acceptors. The application of these new siloles as light-emitting materials for OLEDs is evaluated, where the nondoped OLEDs based on them display good device performances. These dipolar siloles can be useful models to further understand the structure–property relationship of siloles and provide a useful design principle for solid-state luminescent materials.

Graphical abstract: 3,4-Donor- and 2,5-acceptor-functionalized dipolar siloles: synthesis, structure, photoluminescence and electroluminescence

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Mar 2017, accepted on 01 May 2017 and first published on 02 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01217A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017,5, 4867-4874
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    3,4-Donor- and 2,5-acceptor-functionalized dipolar siloles: synthesis, structure, photoluminescence and electroluminescence

    G. Lin, L. Chen, H. Peng, S. Chen, Z. Zhuang, Y. Li, B. Wang, Z. Zhao and B. Z. Tang, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, 5, 4867
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01217A

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