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Issue 48, 2017
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Controlled synthesis of upconverting nanoparticles/CuS yolk–shell nanoparticles for in vitro synergistic photothermal and photodynamic therapy of cancer cells

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Abstract

Synergistic photodynamic and photothermal therapy of cancer cells is of considerable scientific and technological interest. In this work, we demonstrate a sacrificial template strategy to fabricate yolk–shell nanoparticles combining upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and CuS nanoparticles. Lanthanide-doped upconversion nanoparticles of NaYF4:30% Yb,1% Nd,0.5% Er@NaYF4:20% Nd (also denoted as UCNPs) have been prepared as 808 nm light excited remote-controlled nanotransducers for in vitro cancer cell treatment. The upconversion fluorescence of the as-prepared UCNPs@CuS yolk–shell nanoparticles is completely quenched under the excitation of an 808 nm laser, which demonstrates that the energy transfer between the UCNPs and CuS is very efficient. In addition, the as-prepared UCNPs@CuS nanoparticles show higher production ability for hydroxyl radicals (˙OH) and singlet oxygen (1O2) compared to CuS hollow nanospheres of similar size. In particular, the excited shell layer (CuS) showed an enhanced photothermal effect while producing reactive oxygen species (ROS) including singlet oxygen (1O2) and hydroxyl radicals (˙OH) after being exposed to near infrared (NIR) light. Thus, the as-prepared UCNPs@CuS yolk–shell nanoparticles exhibited the synergistic effect of photothermal and photodynamic therapy of cancer cells, which resulted in significant cell death after exposure to an 808 nm laser. The synthetic strategy will provide an alternative method to fabricate other UCNP based core–shell nanoparticles for potential and important applications in bionanotechnology including theranostics, multimodal treatment, magnetic resonance imaging-guided photodynamic therapy, etc.

Graphical abstract: Controlled synthesis of upconverting nanoparticles/CuS yolk–shell nanoparticles for in vitro synergistic photothermal and photodynamic therapy of cancer cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Oct 2017, accepted on 22 Nov 2017 and first published on 22 Nov 2017


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C7TB02733H
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017,5, 9487-9496
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    Controlled synthesis of upconverting nanoparticles/CuS yolk–shell nanoparticles for in vitro synergistic photothermal and photodynamic therapy of cancer cells

    C. Huang, H. Chen, F. Li, W. Wang, D. Li, X. Yang, Z. Miao, Z. Zha, Y. Lu and H. Qian, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017, 5, 9487
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TB02733H

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