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Dual-emissive polystyrene@zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 composite for ratiometric detection of singlet oxygen

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Abstract

This work demonstrated the potential of zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) as a host for the co-encapsulation of multiple fluorescent cargos to fabricate fluorescent composites for ratiometric sensing. The one-pot self-assembly of 2-methylimidazole, zinc nitrate, 9-anthracenecarboxylic acid (AnC), and polystyrene sphere doped with europium chelate (EuPS) in methanol solution can lead to the formation of dual-emissive EuPS@AnC/ZIF-8 with excellent fluorescent activity. Based on the distinct fluorescent responses of Eu3+ and AnC to singlet oxygen (1O2), EuPS@AnC/ZIF-8 can be developed as a ratiometric sensor for 1O2 detection. In this ratiometric sensor, Eu3+ fluorescence was employed as a reference signal for providing built-in correction to avoid environmental effects, while AnC fluorescence served as a response signal to detect 1O2 because of its turn-off behavior upon reacting with 1O2. Benefiting from the confinement effect of the ZIF-8 host, the presented sensor showed high sensitivity toward 1O2 with a detection limit of 43 nM and excellent selectivity over other reactive oxygen species. More attractively, the target responsive fluorescent color change of EuPS@AnC/ZIF-8 allowed 1O2 to be easily identified by the naked eye under a UV lamp. We hope that this study will provide a new insight into the design and application of multifunctional composites based on metal–organic frameworks.

Graphical abstract: Dual-emissive polystyrene@zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 composite for ratiometric detection of singlet oxygen

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Oct 2017, accepted on 06 Nov 2017 and first published on 06 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TB02684F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017, Advance Article
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    Dual-emissive polystyrene@zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 composite for ratiometric detection of singlet oxygen

    J. Gao, C. Wang and H. Tan, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TB02684F

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