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Photoactive Antimicrobial Nanomaterials

Abstract

Pathogenic microbes cause infections and are excellent at adapting to the disinfection strategies that address their biochemistry. The growth in numbers of drug resistant superbugs is alarming, which attracts attention to alternative solutions. In recent years, researchers have put effort into designing nanomaterials with activable antimicrobial properties initiated by the light irradiation. The underlying mechanisms of these nanomaterials’ photoactivatable antimicrobial effect may vary from reactive oxygen species generation, heat production to pH variation in procedures like photocatalysis, photodynamic therapy, photothermal lysis and photoinduced acidification. In this article, we review the photoactive nanomaterial solutions for fighting against microbial diseases especially bacterial infections. This Review shines light on the fundamental principles, important developments, promising applications, and limitations of current technologies as well as open questions that these methods may do or aid to answer.

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Jul 2017, accepted on 06 Oct 2017 and first published on 09 Oct 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7TB01860F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Photoactive Antimicrobial Nanomaterials

    Y. Feng, L. Liu, J. Zhang, H. Aslan and M. Dong, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7TB01860F

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