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Issue 36, 2017
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Facile synthesis of core–shell structured magnetic covalent organic framework composite nanospheres for selective enrichment of peptides with simultaneous exclusion of proteins

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Abstract

Selective enrichment of peptides from complex biosamples is essential for mass spectrometry-based proteomics but still remains a challenge. In this work, a facile approach was developed for rapid room-temperature synthesis of core–shell structured magnetic covalent organic framework composite nanospheres (denoted as Fe3O4@TbBd) by using monodisperse Fe3O4 nanoparticles as the magnetic core and 1,3,5-triformylbenzene (Tb) and benzidine (Bd) as two building blocks in the presence of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The resultant core–shell structured Fe3O4@TbBd nanospheres exhibited high adsorption capacity (28.5 mg g−1), fast adsorption kinetics (<5 min) and excellent reusability (more than 30 times) for peptides, owing to their specific properties of high surface area (196.21 m2 g−1), large pore volume (0.63 cm3 g−1), narrow pore size distribution (∼2.8 nm), strong magnetic response (41.5 emu g−1), as well as good thermal and chemical stability. Moreover, the Fe3O4@TbBd nanospheres also showed good selectivity towards hydrophobic peptides and a size-exclusion effect against proteins due to the inherent π–π stacking interaction and interconnected mesoporous channels of covalent organic framework (COF) shells. Taking advantage of these composite nanospheres, selective extraction and efficient enrichment of low abundance hydrophobic peptides from human serum in the presence of high abundance proteins were achieved. Based on the HPLC-Q-TOF/MS results, 29 hydrophobic peptides assigned to 12 proteins were clearly identified in 5 ng μL−1 human serum digestion upon treatment with Fe3O4@TbBd nanospheres, much better than those obtained without treatment, confirming the outstanding performance of the Fe3O4@TbBd nanospheres in proteome analysis.

Graphical abstract: Facile synthesis of core–shell structured magnetic covalent organic framework composite nanospheres for selective enrichment of peptides with simultaneous exclusion of proteins

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Jul 2017, accepted on 21 Aug 2017 and first published on 21 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TB01807J
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017,5, 7496-7503
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    Facile synthesis of core–shell structured magnetic covalent organic framework composite nanospheres for selective enrichment of peptides with simultaneous exclusion of proteins

    C. Gao, G. Lin, Z. Lei, Q. Zheng, J. Lin and Z. Lin, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017, 5, 7496
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TB01807J

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