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Issue 44, 2017
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A facile synthesis of a theranostic nanoparticle by oxidation of dopamine-DTPA-Gd conjugates

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Abstract

Photothermal therapies (PPTs) with various light-absorbing materials have shown very promising therapeutic effects against cancers. However, their application was severely limited by the lack of accurate localization of tumors and real-time monitoring of the therapeutic process. Theranostic nanoparticles with both imaging and therapeutic functions are highly desired to develop imaging-mediated PPTs. Herein, we develop a facile one-pot method to synthesize a nanoparticle with functions of an MRI contrast agent and a PTT agent through oxidization of dopamine-DTPA-Gd conjugates and PEG-dopamine conjugates. The oxidized dopamine nanoparticles (ODNP) had a high R1 up to 9.6 mM−1 s−1, 2.2 times higher than that of Omniscan, and showed significantly higher MRI contrast enhancement than Omniscan in tumor. Meanwhile, the ODNP showed strong NIR light absorption and significant antitumor efficacy both in vitro and in vivo as a PPT agent. The ODNP with excellent MRI contrasting capability and PTT efficacy plus its facile synthesis and good biocompatibility are a very promising theranostic agent for MRI-mediated PTT.

Graphical abstract: A facile synthesis of a theranostic nanoparticle by oxidation of dopamine-DTPA-Gd conjugates

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 May 2017, accepted on 05 Oct 2017 and first published on 06 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TB01362K
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017,5, 8754-8760
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    A facile synthesis of a theranostic nanoparticle by oxidation of dopamine-DTPA-Gd conjugates

    M. Xia, M. Ye, X. Zhou, J. Tang, Y. Piao, X. Liu, Z. Zhou, H. Hu and Y. Shen, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017, 5, 8754
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TB01362K

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