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Chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs encapsulated in chondroinductive polysaccharide/collagen hybrid hydrogels

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Abstract

Although BMSC-based therapy is one of the most front-line technologies for cartilage repair, it is still a big challenge to attain ideal niches for BMSC chondrogenic differentiation. In this study, we developed hyaluronate and chondroitin sulfate derivatives to prepare covalently crosslinked polysaccharide hydrogels. Based on these binary hydrogels, collagen was added to prepare ternary hybrid hydrogels and its effect on encapsulated BMSCs was studied. After culturing with different cell densities in vitro without the addition of growth factors for 3 weeks, the chondrogenesis of BMSCs was evaluated by CLSM, mechanical testing, histological staining, immunohistochemical staining and gene expression. The results indicated that BMSCs in high cell density (50 million per mL) cell-laden constructs had a more obvious chondrogenic phenotype than those in low cell density ones (5 million per mL). However, the components of hydrogels had a significant influence on chondrogenic differentiation. With the addition of collagen, the BMSCs in ternary hybrid hydrogels showed more significant chondrogenesis, possessing with more amounts of secreted glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and type II collagen deposition, higher mechanical properties and chondrogenic gene expression over 3 weeks of culture in vitro. It can be concluded that the bioactive collagen is beneficial to the chondrogenesis of BMSCs. This hybrid hydrogels deserve further studies to have a prospective application in tissue engineering for cartilage defect repair.

Graphical abstract: Chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs encapsulated in chondroinductive polysaccharide/collagen hybrid hydrogels

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Apr 2017, accepted on 17 May 2017 and first published on 18 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TB01020F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017, Advance Article
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    Chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs encapsulated in chondroinductive polysaccharide/collagen hybrid hydrogels

    X. Li, Y. Teng, J. Liu, H. Lin, Y. Fan and X. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TB01020F

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