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Dually crosslinked injectable hydrogels of poly(ethylene glycol) and poly[(2-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate]-b-poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) as a wound healing promoter

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Abstract

Rapid gelation, low heat generation, biocompatibility, biodegradability, avoiding the use of a small molecular weight gelator and high gel fraction are the essential criteria for the successful biomedical application of an injectable hydrogel. We have developed a series of dually crosslinked injectable hydrogels of PEG and poly[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate]-b-poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) through extremely simple chemistry. The sequential nucleophilic substitution reaction between PEG containing reactive termini and the copolymer provided chemically crosslinked hydrogels with a gel fraction as high as 96–99% with a gelation time of 1–4 min under physiological conditions. The gelation occurred with ca. 1 °C rise in temperature per gram of the injectable solution, avoids formation of by-products and can be performed in the temperature range of 20–37 °C. The hydrogels undergo hardening at a physiological temperature as confirmed by rheological experiments. The gelation time, water swelling, mechanical properties and degradability of the hydrogels depend on the PEG to copolymer ratio in the injectable solution. The rheological behaviour of the fully hydrated hydrogels showed desirable mechanical properties for soft tissue regeneration. The hydrogels exhibited blood compatibility and retained the viability of HepG2 cells with time. Platelet adhesion and aggregation followed by fibrinogen adsorption ability makes these hydrogels suitable for wound healing applications.

Graphical abstract: Dually crosslinked injectable hydrogels of poly(ethylene glycol) and poly[(2-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate]-b-poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) as a wound healing promoter

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Mar 2017, accepted on 20 May 2017 and first published on 22 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TB00848A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017, Advance Article
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    Dually crosslinked injectable hydrogels of poly(ethylene glycol) and poly[(2-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate]-b-poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) as a wound healing promoter

    A. K. Singh Chandel, D. Kannan, B. Nutan, S. Singh and S. K. Jewrajka, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TB00848A

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