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DC-field-driven combustion wave for one-step fabrication of reduced manganese oxide/multi-walled carbon nanotube hybrid nanostructures as high-performance supercapacitor electrodes

Abstract

Micro-nanostructured metal oxides can facilitate the development of electrochemical electrodes with enhanced features for supercapacitors and batteries. However, the fabrication of electrodes using precisely controlled metal oxides generally requires high-cost, multi-step procedures, which limits the scalability. Herein, we report that a direct current-field-driven combustion wave (DC-CW) enables the one-step fabrication of high-performance supercapacitor electrodes from hybrid nanostructures comprising reduced manganese oxides and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). A layered film of MnO2 nanoparticles (NPs) and MWCNTs on a nitrocellulose membrane is prepared and subsequently subjected to a DC-electric field, thereby igniting and propagating CWs throughout the film surface within one second. The underlying mechanism of the DC-CW process is elucidated by comparative analysis of the electrodes generated by the laser irradiation-driven combustion wave process without the DC-field and the as-prepared MnO2/MWCNTs film. The MnxOy/MWCNT hybrids via DC-CWs exhibit higher specific capacitance (757 F/g) and capacitance retention (100 %) than the other two systems over 10000 charge–discharge cycles, due to the improved inter-conductivity and substantial contact interfaces in heterogeneously mixed, less agglomerated nanostructures. The DC-CWs may enable various manipulating methods of micro-nanostructured metal oxides and their hybrid structures via a low-cost, fast, and scalable process for high-performance electrochemical electrodes.

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Sep 2017, accepted on 07 Nov 2017 and first published on 07 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA07812A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    DC-field-driven combustion wave for one-step fabrication of reduced manganese oxide/multi-walled carbon nanotube hybrid nanostructures as high-performance supercapacitor electrodes

    T. Yeo, D. Shin, J. Shin, H. Hwang, B. Seo, J. Lee and W. Choi, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7TA07812A

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