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Issue 35, 2017
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One-pot synthesis of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles encapsulated in hollow silica spheres: an efficient and reusable catalyst for epoxidation of olefins

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Abstract

We report a one-pot synthesis of MoOx NPs encapsulated inside hollow silica spheres (MoOx@HSS) which act as an efficient and reusable heterogeneous catalyst in the epoxidation of olefins. A yolk–shell nanostructured MoOx–SiO2 composite, consisting of core MoOx NPs and permeable porous hollow silica spheres, was fabricated via a self-assembly approach using poly(acrylic acid) as an organic template and dodecyltrimethoxysilane as a pore-directing agent. On the basis of comprehensive structural analyses by FE-SEM, TEM, elemental mapping, N2 physisorption and Mo K-edge XAFS, we show that MoOx NPs of ca. 5.8 nm diameter are encapsulated within hollow silica spheres having randomly arranged mesopores of ca. 2.1 nm diameter, while addition of an excess amount of the pore-directing agent leads to a deformation of the yolk–shell nanostructures. The obtained yolk–shell nanostructured MoOx–SiO2 composite exhibits prominent reusability with a modest catalytic activity in the liquid-phase epoxidation of olefins with TBHP owing to the presence of the protective silica shell, making it an effective heterogeneous catalyst for the transformation of olefins into their corresponding epoxides.

Graphical abstract: One-pot synthesis of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles encapsulated in hollow silica spheres: an efficient and reusable catalyst for epoxidation of olefins

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Jul 2017, accepted on 09 Aug 2017 and first published on 09 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA06288E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 18518-18526
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    One-pot synthesis of molybdenum oxide nanoparticles encapsulated in hollow silica spheres: an efficient and reusable catalyst for epoxidation of olefins

    Y. Kuwahara, N. Furuichi, H. Seki and H. Yamashita, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 18518
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA06288E

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