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Issue 36, 2017
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Compact carbon nitride based copolymer films with controllable thickness for photoelectrochemical water splitting

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Abstract

We report the successful growth of high quality carbon nitride based copolymer (CNBC) films on various substrates (glass, FTO, and TiO2) through a facile solvothermal method with post-annealing. The structural characterization of the films reveals the polymeric carbon nitride network consisting of tri-s-triazines and s-triazines bridged by different functional groups. The strong bonding between the CNBC films and the substrates via covalent linkage ensures intimate contact and smooth interfacial charge transport. As such, the CNBC films exhibit excellent photoelectrochemical (PEC) performance, which is attributed to stronger visible light harvesting, better conductivity, and more efficient charge separation and transport, as compared to a reference electrode made by pasting bulk g-C3N4 powder. Furthermore, we demonstrate that a similar solvothermal approach can be also used to create CNBC films on a TiO2 surface, and the resulting CNBC/TiO2 junction allows for vectorial charge transfer, giving greatly enhanced photocurrent responses. Importantly, this work provides a general guide to solvothermal methods for in situ growing metal-free films on various substrates for efficient PEC water splitting.

Graphical abstract: Compact carbon nitride based copolymer films with controllable thickness for photoelectrochemical water splitting

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Jul 2017, accepted on 12 Aug 2017 and first published on 14 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA06081E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 19062-19071
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    Compact carbon nitride based copolymer films with controllable thickness for photoelectrochemical water splitting

    Q. Gu, X. Gong, Q. Jia, J. Liu, Z. Gao, X. Wang, J. Long and C. Xue, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 19062
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA06081E

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