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Molecular-level superhydrophobic external-surface to improve the stability of metal-organic frameworks

Abstract

In this work, we demonstrate a facile molecular-level modification method that imparts superhydrophobic character to Zr-based MOFs, while retaining their high porosity. Alkyl phosphonic acids, such as n-octadecylphosphonic acid (OPA), interact with the zirconium oxide clusters situated near and on the surface of the MOF. The octadecyl alkyl chains reduce the surface free energy on the MOF’s exterior, yielding a superhydrophobic material with a contact angle greater than 150°. After exposure to aqueous solutions with a high pH and high ionic strength, the OPA-MOFs retain nearly identical surface areas. Notably, the OPA-MOFs are capable of separating organic liquids from water, which could facilitate oil/water separation applications in the event of an oil spill.

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Jul 2017, accepted on 10 Aug 2017 and first published on 10 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05800D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Molecular-level superhydrophobic external-surface to improve the stability of metal-organic frameworks

    Y. Sun, Q. Sun, H. Huang, B. Aguila, Z. Niu, J. A. Perman and S. Ma, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05800D

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