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Recent advances in plasmonic metal and rare-earth-element upconversion nanoparticles doped perovskite solar cells

Abstract

Organic-inorganic lead halide based perovskite solar cells are considered as one of the most promising third generation photovoltaic technologies, since within a few years of focused research efforts, have already presented certified efficiencies overcoming 22%. The high performance together with the low fabrication cost, make this technology competitive with the state of the art thin film photovoltaics (CdTe and CIGS). However perovskite solar cells present some striking disadvantages hindering their commercialization, including the lower performance compared to the commercially available silicon based photovoltaics (26.6%), the low stability tolerance under high levels of moisture and temperature, the lead B-cation toxicity and the hysteresis effect which ruins both the performance and long term stability of the devices. Recently, a promising approach to tackle the aforementioned disadvantages was the introduction of plasmonic metal and rare earth element upconversion nanoparticles in the building blocks of the device. In this paper, we review the theoretical and experimental results of the literature regarding the immersion of different constitution, size, shape and coating plasmonic metal and rare-earth-element upconversion nanoparticles in the building blocks of both planar and mesoscopic perovskite solar cells. We analyze their effect in the device performance, stability, hysteresis effect and how they can be very beneficial for making these solar cells environmentally friendly and compatible with tandem applications. In addition, we discuss the critical challenges and the perspectives of this newly developed field and propose some prospects for future research directions.

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Jun 2017, accepted on 13 Sep 2017 and first published on 15 Sep 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05428A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Recent advances in plasmonic metal and rare-earth-element upconversion nanoparticles doped perovskite solar cells

    G. Kakavelakis, C. Petridis and E. Kymakis, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05428A

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