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Issue 37, 2017
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Crab shell-derived nitrogen-doped micro-/mesoporous carbon as an effective separator coating for high energy lithium–sulfur batteries

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Abstract

Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries with high energy density are considered as promising for rechargeable energy storage. However, the shuttle effect hinders their practical application. Here, novel nitrogen-doped micro-/mesoporous carbon (N-MIMEC), derived from crab shells, was fabricated via a sustainable and cost-effective route. A modified separator coated with an N-MIMEC layer for Li–S batteries exhibits many advantages: (1) the micro-/mesopores provide enough surface area for sulfide adsorption, and accommodate the volume change; (2) the nitrogen in N-MIMEC enhances polysulfide adsorption and increases the electronic conductivity of the carbon framework; and (3) the conductive layer acts as an upper current collector, increasing the electrical conductivity. An enhanced Li–S battery with an N-MIMEC-coated separator was constructed, with an initial capacity of 1301 mA h g−1 and a high reversible capacity of 971.3 mA h g−1 after 100 cycles at 0.1C. Also, upon further increasing the sulfur loading from 63 wt% to 77 wt%, the corresponding Li–S batteries exhibit a high reversible capacity of 578 mA h g−1 after 500 cycles at 1C, with a decay rate of about 0.029% per cycle. Considering the green and sustainable source material, simple preparation and good electrochemical performance, the N-MIMEC-coated separator is promising for Li–S battery applications.

Graphical abstract: Crab shell-derived nitrogen-doped micro-/mesoporous carbon as an effective separator coating for high energy lithium–sulfur batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Jun 2017, accepted on 19 Aug 2017 and first published on 21 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05192A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 19892-19900
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    Crab shell-derived nitrogen-doped micro-/mesoporous carbon as an effective separator coating for high energy lithium–sulfur batteries

    H. Shao, F. Ai, W. Wang, H. Zhang, A. Wang, W. Feng and Y. Huang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 19892
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05192A

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