Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 43, 2017
Previous Article Next Article

En route to a unified model for photo-electrochemical reactor optimisation. I - Photocurrent and H2 yield predictions

Author affiliations

Abstract

A semi-empirical model was developed for the prediction of photocurrent densities and implemented to predict the performance of a photo-electrochemical reactor for water splitting in alkaline solutions, using SnIV-doped α-Fe2O3 photo-anodes produced by spray pyrolysis. Photo-anodes annealed at different temperatures were characterised using photo-electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry in the presence and absence of a hole scavenger and also the open circuit potential under high intensity illumination. Mott–Schottky analysis was used cautiously to estimate the charge carrier concentration and the flat band potential. In addition to overpotential/current distribution and ohmic potential losses, the model also accounts for absorbed photon flux, surface and bulk electron–hole recombination rates, gas desorption, bubble formation and (H2–O2) cross-over losses. This allows the model to estimate the total yield of hydrogen, charge and gas collection efficiencies. A methodology is presented here in order to evaluate the parameters required to assess the performance of a photo-electrochemical reactor in 1D and 2D geometries. The importance of taking into account bubble generation and gas desorption is discussed, together with the difficulties of measuring charge carrier concentration and electron–hole recombination in the bulk of the semiconductor, which are of major importance in the prediction of photocurrent densities.

Graphical abstract: En route to a unified model for photo-electrochemical reactor optimisation. I - Photocurrent and H2 yield predictions

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 13 Jun 2017, accepted on 03 Oct 2017 and first published on 04 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05125E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 22683-22696
  •   Request permissions

    En route to a unified model for photo-electrochemical reactor optimisation. I - Photocurrent and H2 yield predictions

    F. E. Bedoya-Lora, A. Hankin and G. H. Kelsall, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 22683
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05125E

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements