Jump to main content
Jump to site search


En route to a unified model for photo-electrochemical reactor optimization. I - Photocurrent and H2 yield predictions

Abstract

A semi-empirical model was developed for prediction of photocurrent densities and implemented to predict the performance of a photo-electrochemical reactor for water splitting in alkaline solutions, using SnIV-doped α-Fe2O3 photo-anodes produced by spray pyrolysis. Photo-anodes annealed at different temperatures were characterized using photo-electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry in the presence and absence of a hole scavenger and also the open circuit potential under high intensity illumination. Mott-Schottky analysis was used cautiously to estimate charge carrier concentration and the flat band potential. In addition to overpotential/current distribution and ohmic potential losses, the model also accounts for absorbed photon flux, surface and bulk electron-hole recombination rates, gas desorption, bubble formation and (H2-O2) cross-over losses. This allows the model to estimate the total yield of hydrogen, charge and gas collection efficiencies. A methodology is presented here in order to evaluate parameters required to assess the performance of a photo-electrochemical reactor in 1D and 2D geometries. The importance of taking into account bubble generation and gas desorption is discussed, together with the difficulties of measuring charge carrier concentration and electron-hole recombination in the bulk of the semiconductor, which are of major importance in the prediction of photocurrent densities.

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 13 Jun 2017, accepted on 03 Oct 2017 and first published on 04 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05125E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
  •   Request permissions

    En route to a unified model for photo-electrochemical reactor optimization. I - Photocurrent and H2 yield predictions

    F. E. Bedoya Lora, A. Hankin and G. H. Kelsall, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05125E

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements