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A graphene quantum dot decorated SrRuO3 mesoporous film as an efficient counter electrode for high-performance dye-sensitized solar cells

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Abstract

Hydrothermally synthesized electrically conductive perovskite strontium ruthenate (SrRuO3) nanoparticles were added into a binder solution and then cast onto fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) glass to form a mesoporous SrRuO3 counter electrode (CE) for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The high porosity and large specific surface area of the SrRuO3 CE allows easier and faster diffusion of electrolyte into the pores and involves more triiodide (I3) in the redox reaction, thereby resulting in a higher power conversion efficiency (PCE, 7.16%) than that of our published research on sputtered SrRuO3 film CEs (6.48%). Furthermore, graphene quantum dots (GQDs) endowed with excellent intrinsic catalytic activity and high conductivity were decorated onto the SrRuO3 CE by a dipping technique to form a SRO–GQD hybrid. The synergistic effect of SrRuO3 and GQDs contributes to more active catalytic sites as well as faster ion diffusion and electron transfer than a pristine SrRuO3 CE, thereby resulting in increased electrocatalytic ability towards I3 reduction. As a result, our fabricated DSSCs based on the optimized SRO–GQD CE achieve an impressive PCE of 8.05%, much higher than that of the reference device assembled with a conventional platinum (Pt) CE (7.44%). The SRO–GQD CE also exhibits an excellent long-term electrochemical stability in I3/I electrolyte. Overall, the SRO–GQD hybrid can be considered as a highly efficient Pt-free CE for practical applications of DSSCs.

Graphical abstract: A graphene quantum dot decorated SrRuO3 mesoporous film as an efficient counter electrode for high-performance dye-sensitized solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Jun 2017, accepted on 03 Aug 2017 and first published on 03 Aug 2017


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05123A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Advance Article
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    A graphene quantum dot decorated SrRuO3 mesoporous film as an efficient counter electrode for high-performance dye-sensitized solar cells

    T. Liu, K. Yu, L. Gao, H. Chen, N. Wang, L. Hao, T. Li, H. He and Z. Guo, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05123A

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