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Issue 32, 2017
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A novel synthetic route to cathode materials for Li–S batteries: from organic sulfides to sulfur/nitrogenous carbon composites

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Abstract

Despite the promising high energy density at low cost, lithium sulfur batteries suffer from the fatal shuttle effect caused by intermediate dissolution during cycling, significantly shortening their cycle life. Herein, we report a facile synthesis of sulfur/carbon composites. Through a one-step calcination, nano-sized ZnS particles coated with nitrogenous carbon are directly prepared from cheap industrial rubber vulcanization accelerators (a kind of organic sulfide), and then in situ oxidized to obtain nitrogenous carbon coated sulfur composites, with a three dimensional cell-stacked structure. This particular frame with a high level of in situ introduced polar functional groups provides abundant obstacles and chemical traps to effectively immobilize the intermediates, allowing for excellent storage performance and long-term cycle life. Outstandingly, the composite exhibits a remarkably low decay rate of 0.028% per cycle after 120 cycles at 0.1C-rate, under the sulfur loading of 3.6 mg cm−2.

Graphical abstract: A novel synthetic route to cathode materials for Li–S batteries: from organic sulfides to sulfur/nitrogenous carbon composites

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Jun 2017, accepted on 07 Jul 2017 and first published on 08 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05029A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 16796-16802
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    A novel synthetic route to cathode materials for Li–S batteries: from organic sulfides to sulfur/nitrogenous carbon composites

    Q. Wang, Z. Wang, M. Yang, C. Li and D. Gu, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 16796
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05029A

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