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Issue 31, 2017
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Mechanochemical synthesis of porous organic materials

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Abstract

Porous organic materials (POMs) are of growing interest due to their potential uses in gas adsorption, separation, and catalysis. In comparison to porous inorganic materials (e.g., zeolites and metal oxides) or inorganic–organic hybrids (e.g., metal–organic frameworks), POMs possess a number of advantages, such as being composed of only light elements, possessing accessible functionality for organic reactions, having high stability in air and at atmospheric moisture levels, and possessing chemical robustness to acids and bases. Borrowed from the rich library of organic chemistry, various reaction routes like Sonogashira–Hagihara coupling, Yamamoto polymerization, Suzuki couplings, oxidative polymerization, the trimerization reaction of carbonitriles, solvothermal radical polymerization, and the imine condensation reaction, to name just a few, have been used to construct POMs. Not surprisingly, nearly all chemical transformations for POM construction proceed via solution-based synthesis methods. Just recently, much interesting progress on the mechanochemical synthesis (MS) of POMs has been made, highlighting the unique features of this method, such as solvent-free processing and fast reaction rates. In this mini-review, we wish to summarise the recent advances on the design of polymers of intrinsic microporosity, covalent–organic frameworks, covalent triazine-based frameworks, ordered mesoporous polymers, and ordered mesoporous carbons via MS. A brief comment about the MS of POMs in the future will also be discussed.

Graphical abstract: Mechanochemical synthesis of porous organic materials

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Jun 2017, accepted on 11 Jul 2017 and first published on 11 Jul 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA04829G
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 16118-16127
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    Mechanochemical synthesis of porous organic materials

    P. Zhang and S. Dai, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 16118
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA04829G

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