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N-Doped carbon encapsulated molybdenum carbide as an efficient catalyst for oxidant-free dehydrogenation of alcohols

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Abstract

We report molybdenum carbide (Mo2C) encapsulated in N-doped carbon as an efficient and stable catalyst for oxidant-free dehydrogenation of alcohols, prepared by anion exchange of H3PMo12O40 (PMo) with an ionic copolymer (DIM–AN) of dicationic imidazole ionic liquid and acrylonitrile, followed by a two-step carbonization at 400 °C in air and 800 °C in Ar. The synthesized catalyst (PMo@DIM–AN400/800) exhibits outstanding catalytic activity and selectivity for dehydrogenation of various alcohols under oxidant-free conditions and can be steadily reused at least five times for dehydrogenation of benzyl alcohol without changing its crystalline structure. The characterizations and comparative experimental results demonstrate that the active sites for dehydrogenation stem from the Mo2C, as well as the abundant N atoms in the carbon shell, which contribute to the enhancement of catalytic performance. The strategy for the preparation of such N-doped carbon encapsulated Mo2C using polyoxometalate-based ionic hybrids as precursors may open up new opportunities for exploring more transition-metal carbides for more catalytic applications.

Graphical abstract: N-Doped carbon encapsulated molybdenum carbide as an efficient catalyst for oxidant-free dehydrogenation of alcohols

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Jun 2017, accepted on 26 Jul 2017 and first published on 26 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA04763K
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Advance Article
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    N-Doped carbon encapsulated molybdenum carbide as an efficient catalyst for oxidant-free dehydrogenation of alcohols

    Y. Leng, J. Li, C. Zhang, P. Jiang, Y. Li, Y. Jiang and S. Du, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TA04763K

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