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Tailoring pores in graphene-based materials: from generation to applications

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Abstract

Combining the merits from both porous material and graphene, porous graphene-based materials have received significant attention due to their unique porous structures, large surface areas and prominent electrical conductivity. The access and tuning of both the in-plane pores of a monolayer graphene and the interlayer spacing (interlayered pores) of multilayered graphene-based materials offer additional selective mechanisms. These extraordinary properties enable porous graphene-based materials to serve as critical components in molecular separation, including water desalination, gas separation and bioseparation, and electrochemical energy storage, such as supercapacitors, lithium–O2/ion/sulfur batteries and fuel cells. The state-of-the-art pore-fabrication methods as well as the interlayered pores tuning approach for graphene-based materials are summarized. The insights between structures, properties and the broad applications of these materials are reviewed and discussed. The remaining challenges and future perspectives of porous graphene-based materials for wide implementations are provided.

Graphical abstract: Tailoring pores in graphene-based materials: from generation to applications

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 May 2017, accepted on 12 Jul 2017 and first published on 12 Jul 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA04692H
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Advance Article
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    Tailoring pores in graphene-based materials: from generation to applications

    T. Yang, H. Lin, X. Zheng, K. P. Loh and B. Jia, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TA04692H

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