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Issue 29, 2017
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Effect of alkyl chain length of the ammonium groups in SEPC-CIL on the performance of polymer solar cells

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Abstract

In this study, we synthesized four alcohol-soluble surfactant-encapsulated polyoxometalate complexes (SEPCs) containing four tetra-n-alkyl ammonium groups, namely {[CH3(CH2)n−1]4N}4[SiW12O40] (TA-SiW12, n = 2, 4, 8, and 10), and investigated the effect of the alkyl chain length of TA-SiW12 as a cathode interlayer (CIL) on the performance of polymer solar cells (PSCs). Different alkyl chain lengths in the four TA-SiW12s resulted in different device performances. Highest power conversion efficiency (9.15%) was achieved for the PTB7:PC71BM-based PSC with TA-SiW12 (n = 8) due to its highest open circuit voltage (VOC), short circuit current (JSC), and fill factor (FF). Combined measurements of the capacitance–voltage characteristics, charge carrier mobility, and photocurrent density-effective voltage characteristics demonstrated that incorporation of TA-SiW12 (n = 8) resulted in higher built-in potential, charge carrier density, and mobility, and better charge carrier extraction as compared to that of other TA-SiW12 (n = 2, 4, and 10) in the PSCs. AFM images showed that only TA-SiW12 (n = 8) formed homogeneous, closely packed, and well-distributed grain clusters with a quasi-periodic structure on the active layer, which explains the higher JSC and FF of the PSC with TA-SiW12 (n = 8).

Graphical abstract: Effect of alkyl chain length of the ammonium groups in SEPC-CIL on the performance of polymer solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 May 2017, accepted on 28 Jun 2017 and first published on 28 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA04530A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 15294-15301
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    Effect of alkyl chain length of the ammonium groups in SEPC-CIL on the performance of polymer solar cells

    Y. Chen, S. Zhang, Q. Peng, L. Wu, F. Li and Y. Wang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 15294
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA04530A

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