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Issue 28, 2017
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Novel biomolecule-assisted interlayer anion-controlled layered double hydroxide as an efficient sorbent for arsenate removal

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Abstract

The synthesis of pure nitrate-containing layered double hydroxides (LDHs) via biomolecule-assisted methods is difficult to achieve without producing substantial waste. For the first time, we demonstrated the synthesis of LDHs with a controlled interlayer anion composition using an environmentally friendly L-arginine-assisted hydrothermal method with zero waste disposal. The mechanism of LDH formation was revealed through PXRD, FT-IR, XPS and ion chromatographic (IC) analyses. At low synthesis temperatures (90–110 °C), arginine-mediated water decomposition led to OH and [Arg+]-NO3 formation and thus produced pure NO3-containing LDHs. Conversely, at temperatures above 115 °C, L-arginine decomposition occurred and produced NH4+ and CO2, which resulted in CO32−-bearing LDHs. The FT-IR spectra of the solid residues, which were obtained at lower temperatures, indicated that several amino acids were functionalized on the surface of the LDHs and replaced by CO32−, which was produced at higher temperatures. The sorption of arsenate from an aqueous solution on the resulting LDHs showed maximum sorption capacity values of 1.675 and 1.972 mmol g−1 for Mg2.3Al-LDH and Mg2Al-LDH synthesised at 100 °C, respectively. The arsenate sorption capacity was enhanced by the functionalization of L-arginine compared with conventionally prepared LDHs. The mechanism of arsenate sorption was based on the ion-exchange of interlayer NO3 and functionalized arginine molecules. In summary, the chemical precursor L-arginine (utilized in this study) acts as a multifunctional reagent, including (i) a precipitant for the synthesis of LDH, (ii) an engineer for interlayer anion control, (iii) a functional reagent and (iv) a scavenger for free NO3 that is present in the synthesis medium. The current synthesis method did not utilize a hazardous base during synthesis, and the [Arg+]-NO3 byproduct can be used as a chemical source for health/skin care formulations with zero waste disposal, which offers great benefits.

Graphical abstract: Novel biomolecule-assisted interlayer anion-controlled layered double hydroxide as an efficient sorbent for arsenate removal

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Apr 2017, accepted on 22 Jun 2017 and first published on 22 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA03056H
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 14783-14793
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    Novel biomolecule-assisted interlayer anion-controlled layered double hydroxide as an efficient sorbent for arsenate removal

    P. Koilraj, K. Sasaki and K. Srinivasan, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 14783
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA03056H

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