Benzophenone-based small molecular cathode interlayers with various polar groups for efficient polymer solar cells
A series of novel benzophenone-based small molecular cathode interfacial materials with different polar groups including hydroxyl group, neutral amino group, amino N-oxide, and sulfobetaine ion were synthesized for the PTB7:PC71BM-based polymer solar cells between the active layer and Al electrode. The photovoltaic properties of the devices with these interfacial materials were studied. The differences in interface modification performance of hydroxyl and amino interfacial materials were investigated for the first time. The solution-processed devices with the amino N-oxide-based interlayer showed the PCE of 9.34% with the highest short-circuit current density and fill factor by reducing the series resistance and charge recombination compared to the devices with the others in this work. The study of structure–property relationships proposes the significant guidance for the design of efficient cathode interface materials in organic solar cells.