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Charge separation in a nanostep structured perovskite-type photocatalyst induced by successive surface heterojunctions

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Abstract

Formation of surface heterojunctions in photocatalysts through tailoring the exposed crystal facets is an efficient strategy to boost charge separation. In this work, successive surface heterojunctions with large space-charge separation were achieved in a nanostep structured La2Ti2O7 (LTO NSP) single crystal exposed periodically with (010) and (012) facets. The three-dimensional (3D) nanosteps were found to enhance the photocatalytic hydrogen generation performance 35 and 74 times, compared with LTO nanosheets and nanoparticles with the same surface area, respectively. The ultrahigh superficial charge accumulation in LTO NSP verified by surface photovoltage (SPV) measurements suggested the efficient migration of photogenerated charge carriers to the surface. Femtosecond time-resolved diffuse reflectance (TDR) spectroscopy provided direct evidence that the electrons generated from the excited sites of LTO NSP were effectively delivered to the high energy (012) facets and temporarily stored there for further reduction reactions, originating from the successive (010) and (012) surface heterojunctions.

Graphical abstract: Charge separation in a nanostep structured perovskite-type photocatalyst induced by successive surface heterojunctions

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Mar 2017, accepted on 23 Apr 2017 and first published on 24 Apr 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA02379K
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Advance Article
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    Charge separation in a nanostep structured perovskite-type photocatalyst induced by successive surface heterojunctions

    X. Cai, L. Mao, J. Zhang, M. Zhu, M. Fujitsuka and T. Majima, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TA02379K

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