Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Enhanced photocatalytic activity of La3+ and Se4+ co-doped bismuth ferrite nanostructures

Author affiliations

Abstract

Photocatalysis is attracting huge interest for addressing current energy and environmental issues by converting solar light into chemical energy. For this purpose, we investigated the effect of La3+ and Se4+ co-doping on the photocatalytic activity of BiFeO3. BiFeO3 and Bi0.92La0.08FeO3 nanoparticles containing different Se4+ doping content (BiFe(1−x)SexO3, x = 0.0, 0.02, 0.05, and Bi0.92La0.08Fe(1−x)SexO3, x = 0.0, 0.02, 0.05, 0.075, 0.1) were synthesized by a double solvent sol–gel route. The co-doped nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and their photocatalytic activity was studied by the photocatalytic degradation of Congo Red (CR) in aqueous solution under different wavelengths of light illumination. The band-gap of the pure BiFeO3 was significantly decreased from 2.06 eV to 1.94 eV. It was found that La3+ and Se4+ co-doping significantly affected the photocatalytic performance of pure BiFeO3. Moreover, with the increment of Se4+ doping into Bi0.92La0.08FeO3 up to an optimal value, the photocatalytic activity was maximized. In order to study the photosensitization process, photo-degradation of a colourless organic compound (acetophenone) was also observed. On the basis of these experimental results, the enhanced photocatalytic activities with La3+ and Se4+ co-doping could be attributed to the increased optical absorption, and efficient separation and migration of photo-generated charge carriers with the decreased recombination of electrons–holes resulting from co-doping effects. The possible photocatalytic mechanism of La3+ and Se4+ co-doped BiFeO3 was critically discussed.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced photocatalytic activity of La3+ and Se4+ co-doped bismuth ferrite nanostructures

Back to tab navigation
Please wait while Download options loads

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 28 Feb 2017, accepted on 11 May 2017 and first published on 11 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA01847A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Advance Article
  •   Request permissions

    Enhanced photocatalytic activity of La3+ and Se4+ co-doped bismuth ferrite nanostructures

    S. Irfan, L. Li, A. S. Saleemi and C. Nan, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7TA01847A

Search articles by author