Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Nanocarbon based composite electrodes and their applications in microbial fuel cells

Abstract

Rather than their use as new energy sources, microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are promising for wastewater treatment as they allow for a significant energy saving and a high treatment efficiency if they are integrated with MBR (membrane bioreactor), where the electricity can be in-situ used over the cathode membrane, in spite of the insignificant power generation, the small current and low voltage output. The performance and cost of MFCs are largely influenced by the electrode materials. Nanocarbon materials with superior physical and chemical properties that conventional materials cannot match, are crucial for the development of MFCs. In this review, recent research progresses and applications of carbon nanotubes, graphene, g-C3N4 and their composites as MFC anode/cathode are highlighted, for insights into the characteristics, the modification /preparation methods and the performance of such MFCs. Different composit catalytic cathode membranes in integrated MFC-MBR systems are also reviewed. Because integrating MBR with catalytic cathode membrane in MFC improves the effluent quality and overcome the deficiencies of MFC, while using the recovered bio-energy to offset the energy consumption for aeration and filtration.

Back to tab navigation
Please wait while Download options loads

Publication details

The article was received on 18 Feb 2017, accepted on 02 May 2017 and first published on 09 May 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA01511A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
  •   Request permissions

    Nanocarbon based composite electrodes and their applications in microbial fuel cells

    Y. Zhang, L. Liu, B. Van der Bruggen and F. Yang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7TA01511A

Search articles by author