A high performance lithium–sulfur battery enabled by a fish-scale porous carbon/sulfur composite and symmetric fluorinated diethoxyethane electrolyte
A high performance lithium–sulfur (Li–S) battery comprising a symmetric fluorinated diethoxyethane electrolyte coupled with a fish-scale porous carbon/S composite electrode was demonstrated. 1,2-Bis(1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy)ethane (TFEE) was first studied as a new electrolyte solvent for Li–S chemistry. When co-mixed with 1,3-dioxolane (DOL), the DOL/TFEE electrolyte suppressed the polysulfide dissolution and shuttling reaction. When coupled with a fish-scale porous carbon/S composite electrode, the Li–S cell exhibited a significantly high capacity retention of 99.5% per cycle for 100 cycles, which is far superior to the reported numerous systems.