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Issue 15, 2017
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Revitalizing spherical Au@Pd nanoparticles with controlled surface-defect density as high performance electrocatalysts

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Abstract

In this work, core–shell (CS) Au@Pd nanoparticles (NPs) with about one Pd atomic layer (named CmS Aux@Pd1−x NPs, in which m is the size of the core, and is 6, 12, 19, 30, and 57 nm and x is the molar content of Au in the whole NP) were first synthesized by ascorbic acid reduction of Na2PdCl4 solution on Au-NP seeds of various amounts of surface defects in water at room temperature. To the best of our knowledge, the concept of “surface-defect density” and the calculation method are proposed for the first time in NP-based nanocatalysts. On the basis of electrocatalytic results, it is found that the specific activities of the as-prepared CmS Aux@Pd1−x NPs are increased with increase in their surface-defect densities while their mass activities and electrochemically active surface areas (ECSAs) both exhibit “volcano-type” dependence with respect to their size in the absence of carbon supports. Moreover, C19S Au0.91@Pd0.09 NPs with Vulcan carbon supports show an optimal electrocatalytic performance and a long-term high electrocatalytic activity for ethanol oxidation. Their ECSA value, mass activity and specific activity are 119.8 m2 g−1, 11.0 A mgPd−1, and 9.3 mA cm−2, respectively, which are about 4.8-fold, 36.7-fold, and 7.8-fold better than those (24.9 m2 g−1, 0.3 A mgPd−1, and 1.2 mA cm−2) of commercial Pd/C catalysts, respectively. This work provides not only a direct correlation between defect-density and catalytic activity, but also design rules for metal NP electrocatalysts with superior electrocatalytic performance.

Graphical abstract: Revitalizing spherical Au@Pd nanoparticles with controlled surface-defect density as high performance electrocatalysts

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Jan 2017, accepted on 15 Mar 2017 and first published on 15 Mar 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA00705A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 6992-7000
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    Revitalizing spherical Au@Pd nanoparticles with controlled surface-defect density as high performance electrocatalysts

    P. Zhang, Y. Xiahou, J. Wang, L. Hang, D. Wang and H. Xia, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 6992
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA00705A

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