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Issue 15, 2017
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High capacitance and rate capability of a Ni3S2@CdS core–shell nanostructure supercapacitor

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Abstract

Hierarchical Ni3S2@CdS core–shell nanostructures on nickel foam were synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal method for the first time. As supercapacitor materials, the Ni3S2@CdS core–shell nanostructures exhibited a high capacitance of 3.15 F cm−2 (2100 F g−1) at a current density of 2 mA cm−2, and 86.7% of the original capacitance was retained even at a high current density of 15 mA cm−2, suggesting excellent rate capability. An asymmetric supercapacitor based on Ni3S2@CdS as the positive electrode, porous carbon as the negative electrode and KOH as the electrolyte can work steadily at a voltage of 1.5 V, and presented excellent electrochemical performance. After 4000 charge–discharge cycles at a current density as large as 6 mA cm−2, 130% of the initial capacitance was maintained. The asymmetric supercapacitor exhibited a high energy density of 127.5 W h kg−1 at a current density of 2 mA cm−2 and with a corresponding power density of 0.995 kW kg−1. The above-mentioned results indicate that Ni3S2@CdS could be a potential candidate for supercapacitors.

Graphical abstract: High capacitance and rate capability of a Ni3S2@CdS core–shell nanostructure supercapacitor

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Jan 2017, accepted on 09 Mar 2017 and first published on 15 Mar 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA00593H
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 7165-7172
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    High capacitance and rate capability of a Ni3S2@CdS core–shell nanostructure supercapacitor

    X. Wang, B. Shi, Y. Fang, F. Rong, F. Huang, R. Que and M. Shao, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 7165
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA00593H

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