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Issue 18, 2017
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Core/shell-structured hyperbranched aromatic polyamide functionalized graphene nanosheets-poly(p-phenylene benzobisoxazole) nanocomposite films with improved dielectric properties and thermostability

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Abstract

This study reports the synthesis of core/shell-structured hyperbranched aromatic polyamide functionalized graphene nanosheets-poly(p-phenylene benzobisoxazole) (GNs-HAP-PBO) nanocomposite films with improved dielectric properties and thermostability. PBO precursor polymer chains were grafted onto the ample amino-terminated GNs-HAP via in situ polymerization, and then the reduction of GNs-HAP and the intramolecular cyclization of PBO precursors were achieved through thermal treatment. The unique core/shell-structure is effective to prevent the aggregation of GNs and improves the dispersion of GNs in the GNs-HAP-PBO nanocomposites, forming microcapacitor networks in the matrix. The GNs-HAP-PBO nanocomposite films exhibit lower dielectric loss in comparison with solvothermally reduced graphene oxide/PBO nanocomposite films. At 1 kHz and 200 °C, a dielectric constant of 66.27 and a dielectric loss of 0.045 are observed in the GNs-HAP-PBO nanocomposite films with 2 wt% GNs-HAP. Moreover, the maximum energy density of the GNs-HAP-PBO nanocomposite films is up to 6 J cm−3 owing to the high breakdown strength (132.5 ± 9.3 kV mm−1). The GNs-HAP-PBO nanocomposite films with 2 wt% GNs-HAP also exhibit excellent tensile strength (125 MPa), Young's modulus (6.4 GPa), and high thermal stability (temperature of 5 wt% loss = 643 °C). This work demonstrates a promising strategic approach to fabricating high dielectric materials under extreme environments.

Graphical abstract: Core/shell-structured hyperbranched aromatic polyamide functionalized graphene nanosheets-poly(p-phenylene benzobisoxazole) nanocomposite films with improved dielectric properties and thermostability

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Jan 2017, accepted on 03 Apr 2017 and first published on 03 Apr 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA00587C
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 8705-8713
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    Core/shell-structured hyperbranched aromatic polyamide functionalized graphene nanosheets-poly(p-phenylene benzobisoxazole) nanocomposite films with improved dielectric properties and thermostability

    H. Feng, W. Ma, Z. Cui, X. Liu, J. Gu, S. Lin and Q. Zhuang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 8705
    DOI: 10.1039/C7TA00587C

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