BODIPY-based conjugated porous polymers for highly efficient volatile iodine capture
Capturing volatile radionuclide iodine from nuclear and medical waste streams is an important environmental issue. In this work, we found that the 2,6-position hydrogen atoms of a BODIPY core undergo fast iodination with volatile iodine at room temperature. Inspired by our observation, two novel BODIPY-based conjugated porous polymers (CPPs) BDP-CPP-1 and BDP-CPP-2, and the reference compound NBDP-CPP, were prepared, which were designed and then synthesized via the Sonogashira cross-coupling reaction of 1,3,5-triethynyl-benzene (TEB) and dibromo-substituted derivatives. With the coexistence of the BODIPY units and plenty of triple bonds and phenyl rings that could adsorb iodine with high capacity and affinity, compounds BDP-CPP-1 and BDP-CPP-2 exhibited satisfactory iodine adsorption capacities of 2830 mg g−1 and 2230 mg g−1, respectively. Moreover, BDP-CPP-1 was shown to adsorb volatile iodine through a chemical mechanism involving the 2,6-position hydrogen atoms of the BODIPY core. Surprisingly, the active sites on the BODIPY units for a chemical iodination reaction were mostly eliminated as a result of the crosslinking of BODIPY units during the Sonogashira coupling reaction. The preliminary results demonstrated that the iodine uptake abilities, which are in the order of BDP-CPP-1 > BDP-CPP-2 > NBDP-CPP, are not only dependent on the surface area, but also on the BODIPY units. The BDP-CPPs show high thermal stability with a decomposition temperature of about 300 °C. In addition, the BDP-CPPs demonstrated remarkable recyclability. Due to the highly π-conjugated porous structure along with the high affinity for iodine molecules and iodination sites, some BODIPY-based CPPs may provide a feasible pathway to adsorb other volatile compounds.