Potential applications of functional porous organic polymer materials
Porous materials are important in established processes, such as catalysis and molecular separations, and in emerging technologies for energy and health. Porous organic polymers (POPs), a class of highly crosslinked, amorphous polymers possessing nanopores, have recently emerged as a versatile platform for potential applications. As an emerging material, POPs offer high flexibility for the molecular design and post-synthetic modification of their conjugated skeletons and nanopores. They have shown great potential for challenging energy and environmental issues, as exemplified by their excellent performance in gas storage/separation, catalysis, environmental remediation, and sensing. This review article summarizes the recent frontiers of functional exploration and potential applications of porous organic polymers.